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Le post a été publié à une date indiquée 2024-01-26 02:45:00.

ICJ president recounts ‘human tragedy’ in Israel and Gaza before ruling

ICJ President Joan E. Donoghue has started the hearing by recounting that, on Oct. 7, Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups carried out « an attack in Israel, killing more than 1,200 persons, injuring 1,000s and abducting some 240 people, many of whom continue to be held hostage. »

She added that Israel then « launched a large-scale military operation in Gaza by land, air and sea, which is causing massive civilian casualties, extensive destruction of civilian infrastructure, and the displacement of the overwhelming majority of the population in Gaza. »

The ICJ « is acutely aware of the extent of the human tragedy that is unfolding in the region, and is deeply concerned about the continuing loss of life and human suffering, » she said.

Top U.N. court begins ruling on whether to order Israel to halt Gaza offensive

The much-anticipated hearing at the International Court of Justice has begun, with its president, Judge Joan E. Donoghue, reading a summary of the case.

Today’s ICJ ruling in the Israel genocide case: What to know

Today’s hearing at the ICJ is only the very first step of a potentially yearslong courtroom fight between South Africa and Israel.

In the long run, South Africa is accusing Israel of genocide, which Israel strenuously denies. But in the meantime, South Africa has asked the court to issue an emergency order for Israel to halt its war in Gaza while the case goes through its motions.

This interim request is what the court is schedule to rule on at 1 p.m. local time today (7 a.m. ET). It might not be a yes-no decision, according to experts. The ICJ could issue a preliminary order of its own that has different conditions to South Africa’s request: perhaps telling Israel to allow more aid into Gaza, for example. The 17 judges do not have to agree, only to reach a majority vote.

South Africa hopes that a landmark "genocide" case against Israel at the UN's top court on Januray 11, will seek to compel Israel to halt its military operations in Gaza.
Remko De Waal / AFP – Getty Images

If the ICJ does issue such an order, Israel’s rhetoric and past behavior suggest it may ignore the ruling.

The court could send the decision to the U.N. Security Council to impose sanctions, although these would likely be vetoed by the United States, Israel’s biggest ally and backer, which also opposes the ICJ case. Such a result would be nonetheless significant in terms of the international court of public opinion, however, and countries could reference it when deciding to impose their own unilateral punishments on Israel.

If the court tosses out the request, then South Africa can carry on with the rest of the case, although legal experts say such a rejection would come as a significant blow to its overall argument that Israel is guilty of genocide. There is no appeals process.

U.S. reiterates genocide accusations against Israel are ‘unfounded’ ahead of IJC ruling

The United States reiterated yesterday its view that the accusation Israel is committing genocide in Gaza is unfounded.

Asked if Washington thinks parties should abide by any provisional measures advised by the U.N.’s top court today, State Department spokesperson Vedant Patel told reporters he did not want to get ahead of the legal process, but reiterated the U.S. stance on the issue.

« What I will just say again — and we spoke to this when the arguments are ongoing — is that the allegations that Israel is committing genocide we believe to be unfounded, but simultaneously, we will continue to make clear with our partners in Israel that they not only need to comply with international humanitarian law as it conducts this operation against Hamas, but they also have a moral and strategic imperative to take feasible steps, additional steps to prevent civilian harm, » Patel said.

NSC Coordinator for Strategic Communications John Kirby said earlier this month that the U.S. finds South Africa’s submission against Israel to be « meritless, counterproductive, and completely without any basis in fact whatsoever. »

Blinken speaks with South African foreign minister ahead of ICJ ruling

As the United Nations’ top court is set to rule on South Africa’s request that it issue an emergency order for Israel to halt its military offensive in the Gaza Strip, Secretary of State Antony Blinken spoke with South Africa’s foreign minister.

Bliken discussed with Minister Naledi Pandor the conflict in Gaza, including the need to protect civilian lives, ensure sustained humanitarian assistance and work towards lasting regional peace that « ensures Israel’s security and advances the establishment of an independent Palestinian state, » according to State Department spokesman Matthew Miller.

Blinken also reaffirmed support for Israel’s right to ensure the terrorist attacks of Oct. 7 can never be repeated, Miller added.

Heavy rains and cold hit Gazans sheltering in makeshift tents

TEL AVIV — Heavy rains expected to last through the weekend are only worsening conditions in Gaza, where most of the population has been displaced, with many families taking shelter in makeshift tents in the south of the Palestinian enclave.

Palestinians In Nuseirat
Flooding at an encampment in Deir al Balah, central Gaza, on Wednesday.NurPhoto / NurPhoto via Getty Images

An NBC News crew on the ground described how a deluge last night lasted into the morning, making conditions extremely difficult, particularly for those living in tents. Periods of rain are expected throughout the weekend and into early next week, while temperatures have also dipped in the enclave, where it was about 65 degrees Fahrenheit this morning.

The cold and rainy weather risks making Gaza “completely uninhabitable,” the U.N. human rights office has warned. It  « risks making an already unsanitary situation completely uninhabitable for the people, » said Ajith Sunghay, head of the U.N. Human Rights Office in the occupied Palestinian territory.

Gazans and Israelis await ICJ ruling

TEL AVIV — Gazans and Israelis are waiting to hear the International Court of Justice’s ruling today on South Africa’s request for the United Nations court to order a temporary cease-fire in Gaza as South Africa accuses Israel of genocide.

Israel is set to hear whether the United Nations' top court will order it to end its military offensive in Gaza during a case filed by South Africa accusing Israel of genocide.
A protester waves a Palestinian flag outside the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands today.Patrick Post / AP

An Israeli government spokesman told NBC News on Thursday he expected the case to be tossed out. Meanwhile, Israeli news outlets featured the looming decision prominently on their websites, with some planning live coverage of the decision.

A number of Gazans have previously told NBC News they have been watching the proceedings unfold — though an ongoing communications blackout will make it difficult for most to follow today’s ruling. Some Gazans expressed gratitude toward South Africa for taking Israel to the ICJ, saying they hoped it would bring about an end to Israel’s offensive.

WHO chief breaks down describing ‘hellish’ Gaza conditions

World Heath Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus broke down during a plea to the global health body’s governing body yesterday, describing the situation in Gaza as « hellish. »

The WHO Chief had difficulty articulating his thoughts, he said. « I’m struggling to speak because, » and took a moment to collect himself before adding that the situation is « beyond words. »

He stressed that war is not a solution as it would only bring « more war, more hatred and more agony. »

« 70% of the dead (in Gaza) are children and women. That alone is enough for a cease-fire, » he added.

45% drop in Suez trade volume following Houthi attacks, U.N. says

The U.N.’s leading institution on trade reports a 45% drop in traffic in the Suez Canal following Houthi rebel attacks in the Red Sea.

Jan Hoffman, chief of the UNCTAD Trade Facilitation Section, briefed reporters yesterday that the drop could be worrisome for global trade since over 80% of goods are carried by sea and the Suez Canal is crucial to the industry, handling some 12% of the global trade.

“We are very concerned that the attacks on Red Sea shipping are adding tensions and costs to global trade, exacerbating trade disruption due to geopolitics and climate change,” Hoffman said.

Major shipping companies have redirected their ships for safety reasons, adding to costs and delays. The U.N. agency said 39% fewer ships than at the start of December transited the canal, leading to a 45% drop in freight tonnage.

IDF soldiers patrol inside Gaza

An Image released by the Israeli Army this morning shows soldiers during ground operations at an undisclosed locations within the Gaza Strip.

IDF soldiers in Gaza
Israeli Army / AFP – Getty Images

Gallant tells Austin U.S. pressure ‘important’ to bring hostages home

TEL AVIV — In a call last night with U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant emphasized the need for “U.S. pressure” in order to see hostages held by Hamas released, Gallant’s office said.

Gallant sought to emphasize how “important” U.S. pressure is “in the efforts to return the hostages home,” Gallant’s office said.

The Israeli defense minister also updated Austin on Israel’s offensive in Gaza, noting that forces were mainly focused on the area of Khan Younis in the enclave’s south. Thousands of Palestinians have fled the city and surrounding areas in recent days amid heavy bombardments and fighting.

Austin’s office said the defense secretary reiterated the U.S.’s support for “Israel’s right to defend itself” during the call, as well as the importance of ensuring the uninterrupted delivery of aid into Gaza. He also reaffirmed the U.S.’s commitment to pursuing diplomacy to resolve tensions along the Israel-Lebanon border to avoid regional escalation.

Gaza death toll passes 26,000, health ministry says

The death toll in the Gaza Strip is now over 26,000, Palestinian health officials said today, amid unrelenting ground and air offensive by Israel.

The health ministry in the Hamas-run enclave said more than 64,000 people have been injured since the Oct. 7 attack on Israel.

In the last 24 hours, 183 people were killed and another 377 injured, it said.

But the total numbers could be higher, as Gazan officials said last month that thousands more are missing under the rubble amid continued bombardment.

Nasser Hospital out of anesthesia and food as Palestinians seek aid in Khan Younis

Nasser Hospital, the main health facility in Khan Younis, is nearly out of supplies as desperate civilians seek care after days of bombardment in the southern Gaza city.

Dr. Ashraf Al-Qudra, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Health in Gaza, reported that the hospital has no more pain-relieving medications to offer patients and that the operating rooms are completely out of anesthesia. There is reportedly no more food, even as many seek shelter at the facility.

“The remaining amount of fuel is sufficient for less than five days in Nasser Medical Complex,” Al-Qudra said.

The Health Ministry also reported that the area surrounding the hospital’s complex has been subjected to intense fighting. The IDF did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Desperate scene as food is distributed in southern Gaza

Palestinians with empty containers reach out as food is distributed by charitable organizations in Rafah, southern Gaza yesterday.

Palestinians in Gaza queue for hours for food
Abed Zagout / Anadolu via Getty Images

Catch up with NBC News’ latest coverage of the war

Bibliographie :

Droit pénal et procédure pénale,Clicker Ici . Disponible dans toutes les bonnes bibliothèques de votre département.

Histoire de la France médiévale/La seigneurie,A voir et à lire. .

Valeurs et justice,A voir et à lire. . Disponible sur internet.

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